People have started using CBD to treat a variety of symptoms in the human body. But still, there are some misconceptions and confusion prevailing about this wonderful oil because of its origin and legalities. I will break down the history, benefits, uses, risks and how to use CBD oil in this article to help you understand about CBD oil in detail.
As of now, a drug called Epidiolex has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treating two types of epilepsy. Epidiolex is a purified form of CBD oil that can suppress the recurring seizures in epileptic patients.
So, what exactly is cbd oil?
CBD oil is derived from the leaves, shoots, and stem of the Cannabis plant. Cannabidiol or CBD is a chemical compound naturally found in this plant that is therapeutic in nature. The concentration of CBD varies in CBD oil and based on the strength, its benefits vary. But CBD oil is exclusively used for medicinal purposes only. If you wish to buy cbd oil, then choose the right online vendor.
The cannabis plant is popularly known for its psychoactive drug, marijuana, which has also been found to have many medicinal uses. And this has been the base of the misconceptions about CBD oil.
Is CBD Oil Similar To Marijuana?
No, marijuana and CBD oil are totally different from each other and the only thing common between them is their source, cannabis plant.
This plant is rich in two predominant types of cannabinoids; cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
CBD is the most popular non-psychoactive and non-toxic cannabinoid present in the Cannabis plant which has got many therapeutic properties. Whereas tetrahydrocannabinol is the psychoactive compound which is present in most of the drugs extracted from this plant.
Marijuana is rich in THC which is responsible for the intoxication and mind-altering highness caused by the drug.
Cannabidiol oil is totally different because it does not contain any quantities of THC and it is not psychoactive in nature which means that it does not change the person state of mind when they use it.
Origin of CBD oil
For centuries, seeds of the cannabis plant are used for extracting a type of oil called the hemp oil. This is the least processed form of Cannabis plant which is rich in cannabinoids. CBD oil is made from the hemp oil extracted from the Cannabis plant which mostly consists of cannabidiol, other cannabinoids, and terpenes. Some manufacturers also use the Cannabis flower, roots and leaves of the Cannabis plant to extract pureforms of CBD oil.
The Cannabis plant used for extracting hemp oil and CBD oil is totally bred and cultivated in a different way. They have lesser amounts of THC and increased the amount of CBD.
And marijuana plants are separately grown to increase the ratios of tetrahydrocannabinol in them to produce high-quality medicinal Cannabis.
How Does CBD Work In Your Body?
The human body has a distinctive functional part in the brain called the endocannabinoid system which plays a key role in regulating the cognitive and neurotic functions throughout the body.
The endocannabinoid system can be activated only through the presence of cannabinoids in the body. Therefore, the body produces certain types of endocannabinoids on its own for the proper functioning of the brain, central nervous system, and peripheral nervous system.
There are two types of receptors called CB1 and CB2 which is present in many parts of the body, prominently in the brain.
CBD 1 receptor present in the brain helps in monitoring emotions, mood, appetite, cognitive functions, and mobility.
CBD2 receptor is commonly found in the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system that helps in monitoring pain and inflammation in the body.
THC and CBD both interact with the receptors in the brain and the central nervous system to perform many functions in the body.
Recent studies have shown that THC mainly binds with the CB1 receptor in the brain to cause intoxication effects.
Whereas, CBD does not directly bind to both these receptors instead trigger them to use its own cannabinoids for treating many symptoms in the body.
Benefits of CBD
Extensive research has been carried on to evaluate the benefits of CBD oil on the human body. Many studies have found that CBD can effectively alleviate symptoms of pain and inflammation in people with mental health and neurodegenerative disorders. Some of its benefits in disorders include,
Epilepsy is the most common mental health disorder the affects both children and adults. The prominent symptom of epilepsy is the recurrent seizures which can affect the overall quality of life of epileptic patients.
Many studies have evaluated the use of CBD-enriched extracts in seizure disorders, particularly in children. A study published in the journal of epilepsy research has found that cannabidiol can be effective in controlling epileptic seizures in children. They found that the anticonvulsant properties of CBD helped in controlling the recurrence of epileptic seizures.
There are other types of epileptic syndromes namely, Lennox Gastaut syndrome (LGS) and Dravet syndrome (DS). These two are the conditions that occur in children between the ages of 3 and 5 years and CBD has been found to be effective in suppressing seizures in children with these two conditions.
The study also found that CBD can effectively control seizures in adults with epilepsy.
Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system that mainly affects the mobility and physical activity of the patients. It is also associated with neuropathic pain, fatigue, inflammation, and depression.
A study published in the frontiers in neurology journal 2018 showed that cannabidiol can improve mobility in people with multiple sclerosis. It has been proved that CBD has antioxidant, antiemetic, antipsychotic and neuroprotective properties that help in regulating the psychomotor and psychological functions of people with MS. The study also showed that CBD can reduce memory impairment and anxiety associated with this disorder.
Anxiety and Depression
Anxiety and depression are the most common mental health disorders occurring in teenagers and adults between the age group of 15 to 35 years. Its symptoms include excessive fear, paranoia, panic attacks, and sadness. Anxiety disorders are of different types such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder (PD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), social anxiety disorder (SAD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
A study published in the journal neurotherapeutics in 2015 showed that CBD can help in managing anxiety disorders effectively due to its anxiolytic properties.
Another study published in the frontiers in neuroscience journal in 2018 showed that cannabidiol can be a therapeutic alternative for a post-traumatic stress disorder. It helps in managing moods, emotions and social skills to reduce fear and anxiousness in people with anxiety disorders.
CBD also has antidepressant properties that help in improving the moods and psychological skills of people with depression. A study published in the journal CNS neurological disorders drug targets found that CBD interacts with the 5-HT1A neuroreceptor in the brain to alleviate symptoms of anxiety and depression.
Chronic pain is the most severe symptom of mental health and neurodegenerative disorders. Though there are drugs available in the market to treat chronic pain, it has been proved to cause many side effects.
Therefore, researchers have evaluated the use of non-psychoactive cannabidiol for treating chronic and neuropathic pain caused by neurodegenerative disorders such as multiple sclerosis, Arthritis and cancer treatment.
A study published in the journal therapeutics and clinical risk management showed that cannabidiol can help in the management of difficult to treat pain caused by neuro disorders. CBD can treat chemotherapy pain, neuropathic pain in multiple sclerosis and chronic pain in arthritis because of its activity with the cannabinoid receptors in the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. It helps in suppressing pain and inflammatory processes.
Drug overdose and related deaths have been increased marginally in recent years and a study published in the Substance Abuse journal in 2015 showed that cannabidiol can be used as an intervention for addictive behavior. Since CBD can interact with CB1 receptors in the endocannabinoid system of the brain it helps in altering compulsive behaviors, drug addiction, and drug-seeking behavior, making it a wonderful compound for treating substance-use disorders.
Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimer’s Disease, and Schizophrenia
Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that causes mobility impairment in humans. A study published in the cannabis and cannabinoid Research journal in 2017 showed that CBD can activate cannabinoid receptors to produce neurotransmitters such as glutamate and dopamine to improve mobility and treat some motor symptoms in people with Parkinson’s disease.
Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disease affecting the elderly due to neuroinflammation and oxidative stress. A study published in the frontiers in Pharmacology journal in 2017 showed that neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of cannabidiol can help in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. It may help in reducing neuroinflammatory response and reversing cognitive deficits in people with this condition.
Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder where people display abnormal behaviors, inappropriate actions and feelings and a sense of mental disruption. A study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry 2018 showed that cannabidiol can be an adjective therapy in schizophrenia because of its antipsychotic properties. It can reduce psychotic symptoms and improve cognitive performance in people with this condition.
Acne is a skin disease that is caused mainly due to excess sebum production, clogging of oil in pores and ingrown hair. A study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation in 2014 showed that cannabidiol has sebostatic and anti-inflammatory effects on human sebaceous glands. It interacts with the cannabinoid receptors in the sebaceous glands to reduce the formation of acne vulgaris.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disorder that occurs due to the destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. A study published in the neuropharmacology in 2008 showed that CBD can lower the chances of developing Type 1 diabetes by lowering inflammation of the cells in the pancreas.
CBD has anticancer properties that help in inhibiting proliferation of Cancer cells and stimulating apoptosis of tumor cells. A study published in Cancer Research 2018 showed that cannabinoids can be a good anticancer agent and can help in suppressing leukemia, skin cancer, and breast cancer.
Is CBD oil legal for use?
CBD oil is approved for medicinal purposes in only a few states of the US but it is generally approved in the form of a hemp product in most of the states in the country. The federal laws differ in each state and CBD is currently included along with the marijuana legislation in various countries around the world. Therefore, it is difficult to say that CBD oil is legally approved for use. Having said that, we can assure you that CBD products can be used without any legalities in the U.S because the rules are continuously getting lenient in most of these states.
CBD oil extracted from the hemp oil is legally approved for use in 50 states of the United States but CBD oil that includes concentrations of marijuana is not approved for use in many other states that has restrictions with marijuana products.
It is best to check your local Federal laws of the state to buy and use CBD oil and also consult with the physician to get a prescription for using CBD oil. Most of the states require a prescription and it is best to consider the advice of a local healthcare provider to include CBD oil in your regular diet.
Side effects of CBD oil
There are no reported cases of side effects of CBD oil. Many studies have shown that CBD oil is completely safe for use in children, animals, and elderly people. It is non-psychoactive and non-toxic and does not cause any intoxication or Highness in people who use it regularly.
There also no risks of drug abuse or overdose problems with CBD oil because of its less interaction with the cannabinoid receptors in the brain.
However, based on the concentration of CBD some minor side Effects such as dry mouth, tiredness and diarrhea might occur but it is totally dependent on the tolerance of CBD of the particular individual.
As of now, FDA has not approved CBD for the treatment of any diseases except the purified form of CBD oil drug, Epidiolex. This drug helps in treating epilepsy. For using CBD oil to treat symptoms of any other mental health and neurodegenerative disorders you must consult a medical practitioner for known risks and the side effects of CBD oil on beforehand.
How to use CBD oil?
CBD oil is recommended to be administered through the ingestion method because of its efficacy.
The sublingual method is considered to be the most effective and easiest form of using CBD oil in humans. You can add two to three drops of CBD oil below the tongue and hold it for a minute before swallowing it. This helps in easier absorption of cannabinoids into the bloodstream and effectively producing immediate results.
There are also other CBD-based products in different forms such as CBD vape oil, topical ointment and CBD capsules.
It is best to consult a medical professional and seek advice on the type of CBD products you can use for your body because the recommended dosage varies between individuals and depends on some factors such as body weight, concentration, and health issues.
You can buy CBD oil and its different forms online on our website at the best reasonable prices in the market.
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