Does cannabidiol helps in curing or preventing headaches? this has been a common question since quite so long and the answer is actually yes. Cannabinoids are just as effective as existing drugs for the prevention of migraine but you can’t assure if it helps to prevent or cure all the victims of migraines. However cannabinoids may only benefit patients who have experienced migraine since childhood. This was actually a result of the findings of a new study recently presented at the third congress of the European academy of neurology held in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Firstly what is a MIGRAINE?
Migraine is nothing but severe , recurring painful headaches. According to the Migraine Research Foundation Migraine is the third most prevalent illness across the globe affecting around one billion people. In United States, more than 38 million children and adults experience migraine. A migraine is much more than a bad headache as it can be very serious if it is left untreated. A migraine can last anywhere between four to 72 hours depending upon the intensity of them.
Now let’s have a look at a few studies and researches related to the treatments of migraines using cannabidiol.
Study leader – Dr. Maria Nicolodi , Interuniversity Center , Italy.
First phase of study : 48 adults with chronic migraine
These 48 adults were given a combination of two different compounds in which one compound consisted of 19 percent Tertrahydrocannabinol – (THC) the primary psychoactive component of marijuana, while the other compound contained 9 percentage of cannabidiol which is nothing but another active marijuana compound.
RESULT : The result of these researches were so surprising that when the adults were given the THC-CBD combination at a dosage of 200 milligrams or greater than that , their acute migraine pain fell by a vast percentage of about 55 percentage thus making this research a great success. But however the THC-CBD at the dosage of lesser than 100 milligrams were found to have no effect on acute pain among those adults.
Second phase of study : 79 patients with chronic migraine , 48 patients with cluster headache.
Patients with chronic headache were given either 200 milligrams of amitriptyline, an antidepressant medication often used to treat migraine, or 200 milligrams of THC-CBD every day.
Patients with cluster headache were given 200 milligrams of THC-CBD daily or 480 milligrams of verapamil, which is calcium channel blocker often used for the treatment of cluster headache.However when the patients experienced acute pain , they were let to take an additional 200 milligrams of THC-CBD. The treatment duration for both chronic migraine and cluster headache patients was a time period of 3 months and patients were monitored for a further 4 weeks after treatment ceased.
RESULT: THC-CBD leas to a slightly greater reduction in the number of migraine attacks compared with amitriptyline with a reduction of 40.4 percent and 40.1 percent respectively. Among the patients with migraine, THC-CBD was also found to reduce acute pain intensity by 43.5 percent. For patients with cluster headache, however , THC-CBD was only effective against acute pain among those who had experienced migraine since childhood.
Authors of a 2009 study found evidence to suggest that cannabis compounds may treat chronic pain in people who have been taking opioids for long periods and want to reduce use.
Results of 2016 study indicate that medical marijuana may reduce the frequency of migraine headaches. but however this research was not specific to CBD oil.
In a review studies published in 2017 researchers saw a useful and effective role for marijuana in treating migraine.
Unfortunately in july 2018 an Australian study did not find a link between the use of cannabis and a reduction in pain or a lower use of opioids. However all these results depends on the participants reporting their own use of cannabis and most if this was illegal use.
WHAT IS CBD OIL MADE OF? / ORIGIN AND INGREDIENT OF CBD :
Cannabidiol is one of over 120 substances in cannabis . It comes from the marijuana plant, but it contains only trace amounts of TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL (THC) as discussed above, the compound that produces a high. This actually means it has no mind-altering substances or psychoactive effects.
CLAIMS ON THE EFFECTS OF CBD OVER MIGRAINE/OTHER HEADACHES:
Some claim that cannabis reduces the symptoms of some types of headaches. A few others claim that there is little evidence that CBD oil is safe and effective as a treatment option for migraines. However there is a lack of scientific evidence about it’s safety and effectiveness for this purpose , but researchers have suggested that one or more substances present in cannabis may have therapeutic benefit for headaches , including migraines. There is evidence that CBD oil can reduce inflammation and pain in arthritis and researches state that it may work similarly for migraines as well.
HOW LEGAL IS TO USE CBD ?
People used cannabis for thousands of years to treat headaches before it actually became legal. Some states have already legalized the use of some cannabis products. The products and the methods to obtain however varies from state to state. A purified CBD oil that contains no THC approved by the FDA in june 2018 to treat two rare and severe type of epilepsy. This for sure needs a prescription. The fact is most products available do not have approval, which actually means the user cannot always be sure that the product is safe.
WAYS TO USE CBD OIL :
- As an ingredient in food or drinks
- In a capsule form
- By vaping
- As a topical application on the surface of the skin
- In the form of drops or sprays used in the mouth.
It is to be noted that there is no such specific dosage or method when it comes to the intake or usage of CBD. And on the whole it is always better to start with a low dosage at first particularly in states or areas where CBD is legal that too under the proper guidance of a doctor.